当下教育都是每个家庭中非常重要一个环节,因为很多家庭为了让孩子获得更好的教育煞会苦心,但是不一定会获得效果这才是真正愁的地方,孩子出门的言行举止就能看到一个家庭对孩子的教育是什么样,有句古话叫上梁不正下梁歪,课外教育也很重要,那么现在小编就为小伙伴们收集到了一些课外知识,希望大家看了有所帮助。


Unit1What’s he like?重点单词
old 老的,年纪大的 young 年轻的,岁数不大的 funny 滑稽的,可笑的 kind 体贴的,慈祥的,宽容的 strict 要求严格的,严厉的 polite 有礼貌的,客气的shy 羞怯的,腼腆的,怕生的 helpful 有用的,愿意帮忙的clever 聪明的,聪颖的 hard-working 工作努力的,辛勤的music 音乐 art 美术 science 科学 English 英语 maths/math 数学Chinese 语文,中文 sometimes 有时,间或 robot 机器人speak 会说,会讲(某种语言);用(某种语言)说话
重点句子1.—Who’syour art teacher?谁是你的美术老师?—Mr.Jones.琼斯老师。2.—Is he young? 他年轻吗?—Yes,he is.是的,他年轻。—No,he isn’t.不,他不年轻。3.—What’sWu Yifanlike? 吴一帆怎样?—He’s hard-working. 他很勤奋。4.Ms Wang will beour new Chinese teacher.王老师会成为我们的新语文老师。5.He is very helpful at home. 他在家很能干。6. Robin is short butstrong. 罗宾个子矮,但是身体强壮。7.He can speak Chinese and English.他会说中文和英语。8.He makesme finish my homework.他让我写作业。语 音字母y在单词中的发音:1、双音节或多音节词末发[ i ]。例:babyhappywindysunnysorrycandymanyfamilyparty婴儿 开心的 有风的 晴朗的 对不起 糖果 许多 家庭 聚会课外补充:2、y在单音节词末发[ ai ]例:by乘坐my我的 why为什么 cry哭 fly飞重点知识及语法1、询问他人的外貌或性格:-What’she/she like?- He/She is kind/…2、一般疑问句的问与答:—Ishe/she…?—Yes, he/she is.—No, he/she isn’t.—Doyou know…? —Yes, I do.—No, I don’t3、be动词的三种形式am, is, are与人称代词连用的用法:I + am, He, she, it,人名、物名+ is We, you, they + are4、Ms., Miss, Mr., Mrs.的区别:Ms.[miz](缩略词)(用于女子的姓氏或姓名前,不指明婚否)女士;Miss[mis](用于未婚女子的姓氏或姓名前,以示礼貌)小姐,女士;Mr.[mistE](mister的缩略词)(用于男子的姓氏或姓名前)先生;Mrs.[misiz](用于已婚女子的姓氏或姓名前)太太;夫人。5、and和but的区别:and “和,与”,表并列关系He is tall andthin. 他又高又瘦。but “但是”,表转折关系He is short butstrong. 他个子矮,但是身体强壮。重点作文1、介绍自己、朋友或老师等熟悉的人物,如:My …teacher/friend/…。思路导引(1)开头:交代人物的身份 I have a/an…He/She is…(2)中间:1)体貌 He/ She is tall/strong…He/She has …hair/eyes…2)性格 He/She is strict/kind…3)爱好 He/She likes playing pingi-pong/…或He/She often read books/…on the weekend.(3)结尾:评价人物或抒发对人物的情感 I like him/her very much. 2、范文:(1)课本P9 Read and write(2) My Chinese teacherI have a new Chinese teacher. Sheis Ms. Chen. She is tall and thin. She has big eyes and long black hair. She is kind and funny. Sometimesshe is strict, too. She is hard-working. She likes reading. Her class is so much fun. We all like her.Unit2My week重点单词
Sunday (Sun.) 周日 Monday (Mon.) 周一 Tuesday (Tue./Tues.) 周二Wednesday (Wed./Weds.) 周三 Thursday (Thur./Thurs.) 周四Friday (Fri.) 周五 Saturday (Sat.) 周六 weekend 周末(周六、日)wash my clothes 洗衣服 watch TV 看电视 do homework 做作业read books 看书 play football 踢足球 on the weekend 在周末play sports/do sports 做体育运动 listen to music 听音乐play ping-pong 打乒乓球
重点句子1. —What do you haveonThursdays?星期四你们上什么课?—I have math,English and music.我们上数学、英语和音乐课。2.—What do you doon Thursdays, Grandpa?爷爷,星期四你要做什么?—I have a cooking class withyour grandma.我和你奶奶去上烹饪课。3.—Do youoften read books in this park?你经常在这个公园看书吗?—Yes,I do.是的—No,I don’t.不是4. Look atmy picture.看我的图片。5. You look tired.你看起来很累。6. You shouldplay sports every day. 你应该每天做运动。语 音字母组合ee, ea在单词中的的发音:[ i: ]例:feet beef meet seefeed tearead eat repeat脚 牛肉 遇见 看见 喂养 茶 阅读 吃 重复注:1、ee组合绝大部分发长音[ i: ],只有少部分发短音[ i ],如:coffee 咖啡2、ea字母组合除了发[ i: ],还有可能发[ e ]等发音,如:bread 面包,或者发[ ei ],如:great 好极了重点知识及语法1、询问做什么事/活动:—What do you do …? —I often play ping-pong…询问星期几上什么课:—What do you have on…? —We have English class…2、一般疑问句的问与答:—Doyou often read books? —Yes, I do. —No, Idon’t.3、 on+具体某一天(年月日,星期),如:onMonday/Tuesday…课外 at+具体时刻(…点钟),如:at12 o’clock 在十二点整补充:in+大致时间(年月,早中晚),如:in2014 在2014年 inthe morning/afternoon/evening4、play + 球类、棋类、娱乐活动,如:play football/ping-pong补充:play + the + 乐器(第四单元知识),如:play the pipa/piano/violin…重点作文1、描写一周的生活,如:My week思路导引(1)开头:简单的自我介绍:My name’s…/ I’m…(2)中间:1) 介绍周一至周五的情况,可以着重介绍自己最喜欢的那一天:I go to school from Monday to Friday. I like…because I have…2)介绍自己周六、日的活动:I often watch TV/…on the weekend.(3)结尾:This is my week. What about yours?2、范文:My weekMy name is Li Ming. I go to school from Monday to Friday. I like Tuesdays and Thursdays, because I have music and PE. I often do my homework and read books on Saturdays. I often play ping-pong on Sundays.Unit3What wouldyou like?重点单词
ice cream 冰淇淋 hamburger 汉堡包 tea 茶 sandwich 三文治salad 沙拉 fresh 新鲜的,刚摘的 healthy 健康的 delicious 美味的;可口的hot 辣的;辛辣的 sweet 含糖的;甜的 hungry 饿的 thirsty 渴的;口渴的favourite 特别喜爱的 food 食物 drink 喝;饮 carrot 胡萝卜onion 洋葱chicken 鸡肉 milk 牛奶 bread 面包 beef noodles 牛肉面fish sandwich 鱼肉三明治 tomato soup 西红柿汤
重点句子1.—What would you like toeat?你想吃什么?—A sandwich,please.请给我一个三明治。—What would you like todrink? 你想喝什么?—I’d likesomewater. 我想喝点水。2. —What’s your favourite food?你最喜欢吃什么食物?—Noodles.They are delicious. 面条。面条很好吃。3. My/His /Herfavourite food is fish.我/他/她最喜欢的食物是鱼。4. I’m hungry/thirsty.我饿/渴了。5. I don’t like beef butchicken is OK. 我不喜欢牛肉但是鸡肉也可以。6. Onions are my favourite vegetable. 洋葱是我最喜欢的蔬菜。7. I like vegetables but notcarrots. 我喜欢吃蔬菜但不喜欢胡萝卜。语 音字母组合ow在单词中的发音:[ au ] ,[ Eu ]例:[ au ] cow奶牛 flower 花 wow哇 down 向下 how如何,怎样 now现在[ Eu ] slow慢的 snow雪yellow黄色 window窗户snowy 下雪的 tomorrow明天重点知识及语法1、询问想要吃/喝什么:—Whatwould you like to eat/drink? —I’d like…2、询问最喜欢的事物:—What’s your favourite food/vegetable/…? —My favourite food/…is…/I like…3、名词复数的规则变化:(1)直接加s;(2)以s, x, sh, ch结尾的,加es,如, busesboxessandwiches(3)以o结尾,有生命的加es,如,potatoestomatoes无生命的加s,如,photospianoszoos补充:(4)以辅音加y结尾,改y为i再加es,如,familiesbabies以元音加y结尾,直接加s,如,boysdays(5)以f或fe结尾,改f为v再加es,如knife-knives小刀 leaf-leaves树叶4、some+可数/不可数名词例:some apples(可数)somewater/rice/juice/bread/…(不可数)课外补充:不可数名词(词后不可以加-s/es,所接动词用单数is /V-s/es)液体 water milk tea orange(桔汁) coke juice 气体 air(空气)食物foodrice bread fruit肉类meat(肉) fish beef chicken 物质work(工作) paper(纸) time music weather(天气) snow money 重点作文1、描述自己和家人最喜爱的食物思路导引(1)开头:简单介绍自己的家庭成员:There are…people in my family. They are…(2)中间:分别介绍每个家庭成员最喜爱的食物时什么:…favourite food is…/…is…favourite./…like(s)…best.(3)结尾:穿插说明喜欢的原因:It’s/They’re…2、范文:(1)课本P29 Read and write(2) There are four people in my family. They are my parents, my brother and me. My mother likes salad best. It’s fresh. Beef is my father’s favourite. He thinks(认为)it’s delicious. My brother likes ice cream. It’s sweet. My favourite food is fish. It’s very healthy.Unit 4What can you do?重点单词
dance 跳舞 sing English songs 唱英文歌曲 play the pipa 弹琵琶do kung fu 打功夫 draw cartoons 画漫画 swim 游泳speak English 说英语 cook 烹饪,烹调 play basketball 打篮球play ping-pong 打兵乓球 draw pictures 画画 clean the classroom 打扫课室
重点句子1. We’llhave an English party next Tuesday! 我们下周二将举行英语派对。2. —What can you do forthe party? 你能为派对做些什么呢? —I can sing English songs. 我能唱英文歌。3. How/What about you? 你呢?4. Can you do anykung fu? 你会打功夫吗? —Yes, I can. 是的,我会。 —No, I can’t. 不,我不会。5. No problem. I can help you. 没问题。我会帮你。6. I can play ping-pong, butI can’t swim. 我会打乒乓球,但我不会游泳。7. Please send me anemail [email protected] 请给我发邮件,[email protected] 音字母组合oo在单词中的发音:[ u ],[ u: ]例:[ u ] look 看 good 好的 book 书 cook 烹饪 wood 木头 foot 脚助记口诀:1. 看look好good书book,砍柴wood做饭cook洗脚foot。2. 押韵记忆:Look good book, cook wood foot.[ u: ] balloon 气球 food 食物 zoo动物园 noodles 面条注:字母组合oo发音少数发短音[ u ],多数发长音[ u: ]。重点知识及语法1、询问对方会做什么事情:—What can you do? —I can play the pipa.2、can句型的否定句:I can’t play the pipa.3、can句型的一般疑问句的问与答:—Can you do any kung fu? —Yes, I can./No, I can’t.4、play + the + 乐器,例 play the erhu /pipa /piano…play + 球类、棋类、娱乐活动,例 play basketball/football/ping-pong…5、some与any的异同:相同之处:都有“一些”的含义;不同之处:some+可数名词复数/不可数名词(用于肯定句中)例:I can do some kung fu. 我会打功夫。any+可数名词复数/不可数名词(用于否定句或疑问句中)例:I can’t do any kung fu. 我不会打功夫。 Can you do any kung fu? 你会打功夫吗?课外补充:1)any还可以用于肯定句,作“任何的”解。例:Any student can answer this question.任何学生都能回答这个问题。2)在表示建议,请求的疑问句中,或期望得到肯定回答时,用some而不用any。例:Would you like somecoffee? 你想来点咖啡吗?重点作文1、描写自己或家庭成员会做的事情,如:I’m helpful / Super family;思路导引(1)开头:介绍自己或家庭成员的基本情况:I’m… I’m…years old.I have a superfamily. There are three people in my family. They are…(2)中间:介绍自己在家和在学校里会做的事情/介绍家人的外貌性格以及会做的事情:I can…at school. I can…at home.My father is strong. He can do some kung fu. My mother is…She can…(3)结尾:总结This is me. What can you do?This is my family. I love my family. Can you tell me your family?/What about your family?2、范文:(1)课本P43 Read and write(2) Hello, I’m Zhao Ming. I’m eleven years old. I’m helpful. I can clean the windows and sweep the floor at school. I can cook and wash my clothes at home.I often play the pipa on the weekend. I can play basketball. I like English very much. I can speak English well. What can you do?Unit 5重点单词
clock 时钟,钟 photo 照片,相片 plant植物 water bottle水瓶bike自行车,脚踏车 in front of在……前面 beside在旁边(附近)between在……中间 behind在(或向)……后面 above在(或向)……上面so many 许多 their 他们的 lots of 许多 dirty 肮脏的near 在附近house 房屋,房子,住宅
重点句子1. Your room is really nice! 你的房间真漂亮!2. There isa big bed. 有一张床。3. My computer is here on the desk. 我的电脑在书桌这里。4. This ismy room. 这是我的房间。5. There areso many pictureshere. 这有许多照片。6. My father can draw very well. 我父亲画的很好。7 .—Whereis the ball? 球在哪里? —It’s in front of the dog. 在狗的前面。8. There is a tree in front of the house. 在房子前有棵树。9. I livenear the nature park. 我住在自然公园附近。语 音字母组合ai, ay在单词中的发音:[ ei ]例:rainy 下雨的 rainbow 彩虹 paint 涂色 wait 等待say说 way路,方法 birthday生日 Monday周一 day天,日子 today今天 may可以课外补充:元音字母a在开音节中也发[ ei ]例:cake 蛋糕 face 脸 name 名字重点知识及语法1、there be(is, are)句型的单复数形式:There is a clock. There arelots of flowers.课外补充:(1)There be句型的动词就近原则:例:There isa bed, a desk, two photos in my room.There aretwo photos, a bed and a desk in my room.(2)there be与have/has的异同:相同之处:都有“有”的含义不同之处:there be表示“某地有……”(无生命的),主语放在句末;例:There is a book on the desk. 书桌上有一本书。have/has表示“某人有……”(有生命的),放在主语(人)的后面。例:I have a book. 我有一本书。2、询问方位或地点:—Whereis the ball? —It’s in front ofthe dog.3、lots of + 可数/不可数名词= a lot of + 可数/不可数名词“许多……”比较:many + 可数名词复数“许多……” 例:There are manytreesin the forest. much + 不可数名词“许多…....” 例:I drink much water every day. 我每天喝很多水。4、动词+very well例:My father candraw very well我爸爸画的很好比较:be (am/is/are)+very good例:The bookis very good. 这本书非常好。重点作文1、描写房间、卧室,如:My room / bedroom;思路导引(1)开头:总体概括自己卧室的特征 I have a nice/big/clean/…room.(2)中间:描述卧室里的物品、摆设 There is/are….on/beside/…My computer/…is on the desk/….(3)结尾:抒发对卧室的情感 I like/love my bedroom (very much)! Can you tell me yours?2、范文:(1)课本P53 Read and write(2) My bedroom Ihave a nice bedroom. It’s not big but clean.There is a blue bed in it. Beside the bed, there is a desk and a chair. There are many books and a computer on the desk. There is a water bottle, too. There are many pictures on the wall. Two plants are near the window.I like my bedroom. Can you tell me yours?Unit 6重点单词
forest 森林,林区 hill 山丘,小山 river 河;江 mountain 高山,山岳lake 湖;湖泊 village 村庄,村镇 house 房屋,房子,住宅tree 树,树木,乔木 bridge 桥go boating 去划船nature park 自然公园people 人,人们rabbit 兔子duck 鸭子animal 动物high 高的children 孩子们(child的复数形式)
重点句子1. Children, let’sgo to the forest. 孩子们,让我们去森林吧。2. —Is therea river in the forest? 森林里有河流吗? —Yes, there is.是,有的。 —No, there isn’t.不,没有。3. The nature park is so quiet! 自然公园这么安静!4. There aren’tmany people. (这里)人不多。5. —Are thereanytall buildingsin thenature park? 自然公园例有高楼吗?—Yes, there are.是,有的。 —No, there aren’t.不,没有。6. —How many? 多少? —Two. 两个。7. Robin is atMr. Jones’house. 罗宾在琼斯先生的房子里。语 音字母组合ou在单词中的发音:[ au ]例:house 房屋,房子 mouse 老鼠 sound 声音,听起来 count 数数提示:字母组合ow也有些发[ au ],例:cow奶牛 how如何,怎样 down 向下课外补充:字母组合ou在单词中还可读[ u: ],如soup 汤group 群,团体;和 [ V ],如young 年轻的。重点知识及语法1、there be句型的一般疑问句的问与答:—Is there a lake? —Yes, there is. —No, there isn’t.—Are there anyanimals? —Yes, there are. —No, there aren’t.2、there be(is, are)句型的单复数形式(具体见Unit 5的重点知识及语法):例:There isa nature park near the house. There aremany duckson the lake.3、some与any在肯定句、否定句及问句中的用法:some+可数名词复数/不可数名词(用于肯定句中)例:Thereare somebooks on the desk.any+可数名词复数/不可数名词(用于否定句或疑问句中)例:There aren’t anypeople in the forest.Are there anytall buildings in the natures park?4、people人,人们(集体名词,明为单数,实为复数,词末不能加-s)例:There aremany peoplein the park.重点作文1、描写景物,如:看图作文(风景图)思路导引(1)开头:Look at the picture.(2)中间:用There is/are…beside/in front of…句型描述图中所有的景物及其位置,注意要有明确的观察主线,即观察的顺序性与条理性。2、范文:(1)课本P63 Read and write(2)看图作文
Look at the picture. This is a beautiful village. There are three houses in the picture. There are many trees near them. In front of the houses, there is a river. The bridge is over the river. Behind the houses, there is a forest and a mountain.